Items starting with C

CA

Conservation Agreement

Cable Logging

Logging that involves the transport of logs from stump to collection points by means of suspended steel cables. Cable logging reduces the need for the construction of logging roads.

Canopy

The part of any stand of trees represented by the tree crowns. It usually refers to the uppermost layer of foliage, but it can be use to describe lower layers in a multi-storied forest.

Categorical Exclusion (CX or CE)

A category of actions (identified in agency guidance) that do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment, and for which neither an environmental assessment nor an EIS is required (40 CFR 1508.4).

Cavity

A hole in a tree often used by wildlife species, usually birds, for nesting, roosting, and reproduction.

CEQ

Council on Environmental Quality

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

Chemical Control

The use of pesticides and herbicides to control pests and undesirable plant species. Clear Cut: A harvest in which all or almost all of the trees are removed in one cutting.

Citizen Wilderness Proposal (CWP)

Areas that have been inventoried and proposed for Wilderness designation by citizens.

Clear Cut

A harvest in which all or almost all of the trees are removed in one cutting.

Clearcutting

Cutting essentially all trees in a given area, which produces a fully exposed microclimate for the development of a new age class. Regeneration can be from natural seeding, direct seeding, planted seedlings, or advance reproduction. See even-aged management.

Climax

The culminating stage in plant succession for a given site. Climax vegetation is stable, self-maintaining, and self-reproducing.

Closed

Generally denotes that an area is not available for a particular use or uses; refer to specific definitions found in law, regulations, or policy guidance for application to individual programs. For example, 43 CFR 8340.0-5 sets forth the specific meaning of 'closed' as it relates to OHV use, and 43 CFR 8364 defines 'closed' as it relates to closure and restriction orders.

Coarse Filter Management

Land management that addresses the needs of all associated species, communities, environments, and ecological processes in a land area. (See fine filter management.)

Cohesive strategy

A Forest Service strategic document, formally titled Protecting People and Sustaining Resources in Fire-adapted Ecosystems: A Cohesive Strategy,that outlines how fire managers throughout the National Forest System are to prioritize their fire hazard reduction efforts. This strategy concentrates on short fire return interval forests (Fire Regimes 1 and 2).

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